Saturday, February 24, 2024

99 French phrases we use in English on a regular basis


You’re in all probability conscious that we recurrently use loads of French phrases in English.

However do you know that English is so near the French language, that round 30% of English phrases come from the language of affection?

A few of these French phrases in English (in any other case generally known as cognates!) are borrowed immediately from the French language, whereas others have advanced from French origins.

We’ve put collectively some responses to a number of the commonest questions in regards to the French presence within the English language for you, plus 99 examples of how English phrases didn’t fall too removed from the French tree. 

Every little thing you’ve ever needed, proper?

Why are there French phrases within the English language?

The origin of the English language is a subject linguists like to debate.

Though English is a Germanic language, it shares a number of vocabulary with French – a Romance language.

However why?

The Norman Conquest of 1066 was a key occasion that led to French phrases being utilized in England.

Following the conquest, England was dominated by the Normans who spoke a northern type of Outdated French referred to as Anglo-Norman French.

Below Norman rule, Anglo-Norman French started to affect the language of administration, legislation and tradition in England, and therefore making its mark on the English language.

Since then, French phrases and phrases – humorous quirks and all – continued to make their manner into the English language.

And French isn’t the one language that has made its mark on the English language. There are many Spanish phrases in English, and a superb handful of Japanese phrases in English, too.


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What number of French phrases are there in English? 

There exists round 7,000 French phrases within the English language at current.

Consider it or not, although, there have been loads extra English phrases that got here from French (and sometimes Latin) roots initially – round 10,000, to be precise.

Do any examples come to thoughts? At this level, I’m positive you’re determined to see some examples of English phrases with French origins… 

Let’s begin with 99 (we thought any extra is perhaps a bit a lot!).

Listed here are 99 frequent French phrases utilized in English, and their which means

1. Allowance – from the Outdated French phrase alouance (cost)

2. Apostrophe – from the French phrase apostrophe

3. Attaché – from the French phrase attaché (connected)

4. Apéritif – from the French phrase apéritif 

5. Avant-garde – from the French phrase avant-garde

6. Aviation – from the French phrase aviation

7. Bachelor – from the Anglo-Norman phrase bacheler (bachelier in trendy French)

8. Baguette – from the French phrase baguette (stick)

9. Ballet – from the French phrase ballet

10. Beret – from the French phrase béret

11. Bon voyage – from the French phrase bon voyage (have a superb journey)

12. Brunette – from the French phrase brunette

13. Bureau – from the French phrase bureau (desk, workplace)

14. Cabaret – from the French phrase cabaret

15. Cadet – from the French phrase cadet

16. Champagne – from the French phrase champagne

17. Chauffeur – from the French phrase chauffeur

18. Stylish – from the French phrase stylish (elegant)

19. Cliché – from the French phrase cliché

20. Connoisseur – from the French phrase connoisseur

21. Cul-de-sac – from the French phrase cul-de-sac (backside of the bag/sack)

22. Particles – from the French phrase débris (damaged, crumbled)

23. Déjà vu – from the French phrases déjà (already) and vu (seen – previous participle of ‘voir’)

24. Delegate – from the Outdated French phrase delegat

25. Detour – from the French phrase détour (from détourner)

26. File – from the French phrase file

27. Eau de toilette – from the French phrase eau de toilette

28. Elite – from the Outdated French phrase elit (chosen)

29. Power – from the Center French phrase énergie

30. En route – from the French en route

31. Envisage – from the French phrase envisager

32. Expatriate – from the French phrase expatrier

33. Facade – from the French phrase façade

34. Fake, as in fake fur – from the French phrase fake (false)

35. Fake-pas – from the French phrase fake pas

36. Fiancé – from the French phrase fiancé

37. Movie noir – from the French phrase movie noir (a movie style)

38. Gallery – from the Outdated French phrase galerie

39. Gastronomy – from the French phrase gastronomie

40. Gateau – from the French phrase gâteau

41. Gazette – from the French phrase gazette

42. Heritage – from the Outdated French phrase eritage (héritage in trendy French)

43. Homage – from the Outdated French phrase homage

44. Resort – from the French phrase hôtel

45. Id – from the Center French phrase identité

46. Phantasm – from the Outdated French phrase phantasm

47. Insult – from the Center French phrases insult (noun) and insulter (verb)

48. Irony – from the Center French phrase ironie

49. Jubilee – from the Center French phrase jubile (trendy French jubilé)

50. Kilogram – from the French phrase kilogramme

51. Lacrosse – from the Canadian French phrase la crosse (the stick)

52. Laissez-faire – from the French phrase laissez-faire (depart issues to take their course)

53. Liaison – from the French phrase liaison

54. Literature – from the Outdated French phrase littérature

55. Machine – from the Center French phrase machine

56. Magnificent – from the Center French phrase magnificent

57. Maisonette – from the French phrase maisonette

58. Therapeutic massage – from the French phrase therapeutic massage

59. Menu – from the French phrase menu


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60. Metabolism – from the French phrase métabolisme

61. Metro – from the French phrase métro

62. Musketeer – from the French phrase mousquetaire

63. Navy – from the Outdated French phrase navie

64. Impartial – from the Center French phrase impartial

65. Nocturnal – from the Center French phrase nocturnal

66. Novel – from the Outdated French phrase novel

67. Event – from the Center French phrase event

68. Omelette – from the French phrase omelette

69. Optimism – from the French phrase optimisme

70. Papier-mâché – from the French phrase papier-mâché

71. Parasol – from the French phrase parasol

72. Poetic – from the Center French phrase poétique

73. Premiere – from the French phrase première

74. Purify – from the Outdated French phrase air purifier

75. Recipient – from the Center French phrase récipient

76. Rendez-vous – from the French phrase rendez-vous (appointment)

77. Reservoir – from the French phrase ‘réservoir’ (assortment place)

78. Restaurant – from the French phrase restaurant

79. Ricochet – from the French phrase ricochet

80. Wealthy – from the French phrase riche

81. Ridicule – from the French phrase ridicule

82. Risqué – from the French phrase risqué

83. Sabotage – from the French phrase sabotage

84. Salad – from the French phrase salade

85. Sentiment – from the Outdated French phrase sentement

86. Silhouette – from the French phrase silhouette 

87. Solicitor – from the Center French phrase soliciteur

88. Memento – from the French phrase memento (reminiscence)

89. Soufflé – from the French phrase soufflé

90. Soup – from the French phrase soupe

91. Approach – from the French phrase method

92. Tv – from the French phrase télévision

93. Match – from the Outdated French phrase tornoiement (tournoiement in trendy French)

94. Uniform – from the Center French phrase uniforme

95. Utensil – from the Outdated French phrase utensile

96. Legitimate – from the Center French phrase valide

97. Selection – from the Center French phrase varieté

98. French dressing – from the French phrase French dressing

99. Zest – from the French phrase zeste

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Should you’re an English speaker and also you ever thought French was tough (or a French speaker and ever thought English was tough!) hopefully, that is one thing to reassure you: irrespective of whether or not you’ve received your French pronunciation accent down or not, the educational course of could also be simpler than you suppose!

You have already got a superb understanding of so many French phrases – why not study much more as we speak?


There’s a lot extra to French than these 99 phrases

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